mÉtis Citizenship and Registry
Kischee tey mo’ yawn aen li Michif wi’yawn (Proud to be Métis)
our central Registry
The MNBC Central Registry is responsible for issuing Métis identification in the province of British Columbia. MNBC is the only Métis organization in BC to be recognized by the provincial and federal governments as the official political representative of Métis people in the province of BC. To apply, renew or update your Citizenship, please reach out to the Central Registry below.
Unit #107 – 5668 192nd Street
Toll free: 1-800-940-1150
Main Fax: 778-571-9402 / Finance Fax: 778-571-9403
COVID-19 Advisory from MNBC Citizenship Registry – Serving Our Citizens and Applicants in Response to COVID-19
In light of recent and ongoing developments related to COVID-19, for your safety and ours, all MNBC offices will be temporarily closed to the public effective immediately. Due to these developments, our Citizenship Registry is unable to print and mail Citizenship cards to our Citizens until further notice. We will continue to accept and process applications received online by email, or ground mail, while our team works on enhancing the online submission of applications.
The MNBC Citizenship Registry Team is here to help. Please continue to contact our staff, by phone or email, for assistance. Thank you for your patience and support with our dedicated staff as we continue to navigate through these unprecedented times.
~ MNBC Citizenship Registry Team
MNBC Métis Citizenship
MNBC Citizenship-Replacement or Renewal Request Form
To request a renewal or replacement, of your MNBC Citizenship card; please click HERE.
Once your request has been received,
- You will be sent the appropriate forms via email
- You will be able to complete and sign the renewal or replacement application digitally
- Your contact information (address) will be updated once the renewal or replacement application is processed
- You will not be asked to provide genealogical information on the renewal or replacement form
There is no fee for renewal or replacement cards.
Citizenship Application Package
Download, print, and complete applicable form if you are not using the online Métis citizenship application form.
The age for legal purposes and decision making as an adult in Canada is 19 yrs. and older. Please be sure all applications for individuals 18yrs and younger are signed off by the parent/legal guardian.
Laurel Katernick – Director of Registry
MNBC Central Registry
107 – 5668 192nd St
Surrey BC V3S 2V7
Toll free: 1-800-940-1150 / 604-557-5851 Ext. 8207
Registry Guide 2020
Click HERE for our How To REGISTRY GUIDE!
When Applying for Minor Aged Children/Youth in Care
Ministry of Children and Family Development staff & extended families in the position of guardianship of minor-aged children in their care are requested to contact Jeannie Cardinal, Executive Assistant for MNBC Ministry of Children & Families to obtain an application package.
Jeanie Cardinal – Executive Assistant
MNBC Ministry of Children & Families
107 – 5668 192nd St
Surrey BC V3S 2V7
Toll free: 1-800-940-1150 / Direct line: 604-495-9837
Submit applications via email, and/or via dedicated secure Fax Line for Children in Care Application submissions to 778-547-0537
Email for a Child in Care Application Package: firstname.lastname@example.org
Contact information to the pages of:
7 Region Contact Pages:
- Region 1 – Vancouver Island
- Region 2 – Lower Mainland
- Region 3 – Thompson Okanagan
- Region 4 – Kootenays
- Region 5 – North Central
- Region 6 – Northwest
- Region 7 – Northeast
Citizenship Registry Operational Highlights
- Over 20,000 provincially registered Métis Citizens with MNBC
- Home of the official Métis Identification Registry in BC
- Secure dedicated Citizenship database server
- Regular secure data backup & data recovery system
- Secure electronic & hard copy file storage
- In-house secure Citizenship & Harvester card printing
- Citizens receive special Citizenship Certificates personally signed by the MNBC President
- …and other Central Registry highlights
How Important Are Our Chartered Communities to the Métis Nation?
(Printable poster for office use.) Our Chartered Métis Communities have an important role in strong healthy governance and cultural awareness for Métis people in the province of BC at both grass roots and provincial levels.
The Métis (Publication)
A 4-page informational publication about the Métis people as released by the Métis National Council.
The Importance of the Métis Central Registry (MNBC Citizenship Registry)
The importance of having a Métis Central Registry to identify Métis section 35 rights holders became apparent after the Powley Supreme Court of Canada decision in the summer of 2003. The inclusion of Métis in section 35 was never defined until the Powley decision came to fruition. The purpose of the section 35 is to protect practices that were a historically important feature of distinctive Métis communities and that continue in the contemporary Métis community as an integral element of Métis culture.
Prior to the Powley decision, Métis identification was community driven however, this only defined Métis membership at a community level. The Powley decision defined not only who the Métis were in section 35 but affirmed that the specific collective identified has an aboriginal right. The Powley decision spoke about the urgent need to develop a more systematic method in identifying Métis rights holders.
The Court identified three broad factors in Métis identification that must all be met for gaining Métis Citizenship:
- Ancestral connection to the historic Métis community
- Contemporary Métis community acceptance
The Métis Nation British Columbia (MNBC) Central Registry was introduced in October 2004 and fully implemented in 2005. The provincial citizenship registry is responsible for compiling and maintaining a database of Métis citizens in British Columbia and is based on the process requirements identified as per the Supreme Court decision of Powley. The MNBC Central Registry is a member of the Canadian Standards Association (CSA) and as a member played a key role in the development of the Métis Nation Registry Operation Standards (MNROS). The MNROS ensures and protects accepted operational standards of a Métis National Council’s governing members provincial Métis Registry. (It is important to note this standard does not change or influence the National Definition of Métis, it is operational in nature only.)
The MNBC Central Registry is the only “Powley Compliant” Métis identification registry in the province of British Columbia. MNBC and its Central Registry support the collective voice of the Métis throughout the homeland.
Why it matters to hold the official MNBC Métis Citizenship card
MNBC, as one of the five governing members of Métis National Council (MNC), is responsible for issuing the only Powley compliant Métis identification card in the province of British Columbia. MNBC is the only Métis organization BC to be officially recognized by the provincial and federal governments as the official political representative of Métis people in the province.
Where We Are Today – A Snapshot
Since its implementation the MNBC Central Registry has forged new paths and standards for Métis in the province of BC. Significant challenges have been met and overcome, and numerous milestones have been achieved in the last 12 years. The Central Registry as of January 2016 has issued over 12, 000 MNBC Métis Citizenship card and receives over 1,000 new applications annually. While the MNBC Central Registry is not able to approve all applications received for Citizenship because of the requirement as laid down by the Powley decision it is important to note all Métis people residing in the province of BC are eligible to access programs and services offered by MNBC. The Central Registry encourages all Métis people to connect with their local chartered Métis community. Participation and support is welcome at grass roots community level.
MNBC Central Registry Highlights
✓ Secure dedicated Citizenship database server
✓ Regular secure data backup and data recovery system
✓ Secure electronic & hard copy file storage
✓ In-house secure Citizenship and Harvester card printing
✓ MNBC Citizens receive special Citizenship Certificates personally signed by the MNBC President
✓ Trained, knowledgeable and professional Registry staff
✓ Registry staff have over 100 years combined Métis identification and registration expertise and
✓ Registry staff have over 100 years combined genealogical and historical research expertise and
✓ Personal Information & Privacy Act (PIPA) trained Registry staff
✓ PIPA compliant registration process
✓ Application packages updated annually
✓ Annual policy and legislative review pertaining to the MNBC Citizenship Registry
✓ Five year Citizenship card renewal process
✓ Official Indian Registry screening process (Indigenous & Northern Affairs Canada)
✓ Address Correction and Validation software
✓ Canada Post National Change of Address software
✓ Canadian Standards Association member
✓ Canada Post Self-Managed Mail out Compliancy (Registry staff are trained to manage Canada Post
compliant mail-outs of over 10,000 pieces.)
The Central Registry is looking forward and anticipating a successful year in 2016. Registry staff continue to work diligently on behalf of all Citizenship applicants and Citizens to ensure applications and renewals are processed in a timely manner. The target processing time can fluctuate throughout the year due to external and internal factors but the Central Registry strives to maintain a sixteen to twenty week processing time for complete applications.
The Central Registry will be implementing a Community Membership List Initiative in the 2016- 2017 fiscal year, the purpose of the initiative is to provide MBNC Chartered Métis Communities with the capacity and resources to maintain current, accurate membership lists and community membership card printing. The MNBC Central Registry looks forward to working with the applicants, Citizens and Chartered Métis Communities in the upcoming months.
The MNBC Central Registry is the “objectively verifiable process” that supports the collective voice of the Métis throughout the homeland. Central Registry staff provides assistance to individuals wishing to obtain and submit an application for the provincially issued Métis identification card.
FAQ on Citizenship
Where do I apply for Citizenship?
I received an application package, is the requested information mandatory?
Yes, the information requested in the application package is mandatory. Your application cannot be processed without the required information and documentation.
I think I have to renew my MNBC Citizenship Card, how do I do this?
Please renew your card HERE.
I have moved, how do I register my change of address with MNBC?
Please register your Change of Address HERE.
My MNBC Citizenship Card was lost or stolen, how do I get a replacement card?
Please apply for your Replacement Card HERE.
Now that I have my MNBC Provincial Citizenship Card in what ways does this benefit me?
Now that you are a registered Citizen did you know you can:
1. Apply to receive a MNBC Harvester card
2. Register your minor aged children
3. Register your children under the age of five (5) years to receive free books from the Imagination Library.
4. Free Admission to Glenbow Museum, AB & BC Royal Museum
5. Free registration in the MNBC Métis Business Directory if you are self-employed or are an entrepreneur
6. Receive MNBC newsletters.
This card also entitles you to participate in provincial and local Métis governance, including:
6. MNBC Provincial Elections
7. MNBC Métis Nation Governing Assemblies
8. MNBC Annual General Meetings
9. Seeking election of a provincial or regional position on the MNBC Board of Directors
10. Seeking election as a candidate in one of the thirty five (35) Chartered Métis Communities in the province
Am I entitled to medical and dental health benefits?
At the current time Métis Citizens are not eligible for health and dental benefits in BC.
Am I entitled to free housing?
At the current time, Métis Citizens are not entitled to free housing in BC.
One of my parents is Caucasian and the other is a Status Indian. Does that make me Métis?
Not necessarily. You will need to apply and provide information about your Métis ancestry.
Am I entitled to tax exemption when I purchase a vehicle or cigarettes?
At the current time Métis Citizens are not entitled to tax exemption when purchasing a vehicle or cigarettes in BC.
Are Métis in BC fuel tax exempt?
The Ministry of Finance document, revised September 2014, clearly states that Métis are not eligible for exemption under the Motor Fuel Tax Act and Carbon Tax Act. This means you cannot use your Métis Citizenship card when purchasing fuel for your vehicle. The Daniels decision does not change that.
How do we define a Métis community?
This is a difficult question that does not have a straight forward answer. The word “community” can be used in many different ways. It can be used to refer to a collective of individuals in one town or a larger regional collective identity or even the Métis Nation as a whole.
In Powley, the Court said that a “Métis community can be defined as a group of Métis with a distinctive collective identity living together in the same geographic area and sharing a common way of life.” The Court found that there is a Métis community in and around Sault Ste. Marie, but it did not deny the possibility that this community may be a part of larger regional community or a distinct Aboriginal people. As well, in Blais, the Court said that Mr. Blais is “a member of the Manitoba Métis community”. Issues with respect to identifying the extent of the local and regional communities that make up the Métis Nation will need to be determined through research, consultations with Métis citizens, and discussions with governments.
What does “ancestral connection” to the historic Métis community mean?
This means that one of your ancestors was a member of the historic Métis community.
How long will it take to receive my card once I have submitted my application?
Application processing time for complete applications is approximately 20-24 weeks. The Registry processes thousands of applications and the genealogical information must be verified for each applicant. This process can be expedited by ensuring that all information required is accurate and complete when you submit your application.
Does my Métis Citizenship or my MNBC Harvesting Card replace the Provincial licence?
With regards to the recent federal Daniels decision and hunting and fishing in BC, all Métis hunters and fishers still require a BC Government issued Hunting and Fishing licence. The MNBC citizenship card and/or the MNBC Harvesting Card do not replace the Provincial licences at this time. For more information on how the Daniels decision may affect harvesting in BC for Métis please check for updates on our website.
How is Métis identity and Citizenship established in the Central Registry?
Métis identity is established by verifying Métis ancestry; this is done by confirming the applicant’s connection to the Historic Métis Nation Homeland and the founders of the First Métis Nation. With the mandatory genealogical supporting documentation the Central Registry is able to determine this.
What has the Metis Nation done so far on identifying Métis rights holders?
September 2002, the Métis Nation adopted a national definition of Métis. Since that time, the Métis National Council’s Governing Members have been ratifying this national definition in their respective provincial jurisdictions.
The next step for the Métis Nation will be to adopt an acceptance process and build upon or establish standardized and centralized Registries in each provincial jurisdiction based on the national definition of Métis for citizenship with in the Métis Nation. It is envisioned that these provincial Registries will be a part of an eventual national Métis Nation Registry. Governing Members are at different stages and capacities in this initiative and it is hoped that much needed resources will be made available in the near future to undertake this important work.
The information I am looking for is not listed. Where do I go from here?
For all other inquiries, contact the Ministry of Citizenship & Registry.
What is the “Plainspeak” document by the Métis National Council?
This document has been prepared by Jean Teillet and Jason Madden for the Métis National Council(“MNC”) in order to assist the Métis Nation in better understanding the Federal Court of Canada’s decision in Daniels et al. v. Canada,  FC 6 (“Daniels”).
This document is not legal advice and it should not be relied upon as such. Also, the opinions expressed within it are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the MNC.
Where can I get answers to Harvesting questions I have?
Click HERE for Frequently Asked Questions about Hunting, Fishing and Harvesting.
FAQ on the Daniels Decision
How will the decision affect Métis working for First Nations on reserves regarding income tax as aboriginals currently do not have income tax taken off their pay?
Are Métis in BC tax exempt in view of the Daniel’s case?
No, Métis citizens are not PST or GST tax exempt.
What is the Supreme Court of Canada Daniels decision about?
The plaintiffs originally requested the court issue three (3) declarations pertaining to Métis and non-status Indian people in Canada:
1) Recognition and inclusion as “Indians” in s 91 (24) of the Constitution Act, 1867.
2) That the Queen (in right of Canada) owes a fiduciary duty to Métis and non-status Indians as Aboriginal people.
3) The Métis and non-status Indian people of Canada have a right to be consulted and negotiated with, by the federal government on a collective basis through representatives of their own choice.
Key elements of the judgement by the Supreme Court of Canada regarding the three (3) declarations issued on April 14, 2016:
- A declaration that Métis and Non-Status Indians are within the term “Indians” in Section 91(24) is issued. (para. 58)
- The declaration has practical utility to end the “jurisdictional tug-of-war” (para. 15). The Court acknowledged that the current situation has left Métis and non-status Indian communities in a “jurisdictional wasteland” so an answer to the question is necessary (para. 13). An answer to the question will allow these groups to hold government “accountable for the inadequate status quo” and “guarantee both certainty and accountability” (para. 15)
- Section 91(24) is about the federal governments relationship with all of Canada’s Aboriginal peoples—this includes the Métis and Non-Status Indians (para. 49). Section 91(24) and s. 35 should be read together in order to advance reconciliation.
- Constitutional changes, apologies for historic wrongs and appreciation of Aboriginal peoples as partners in Confederation all indicate that reconciliation with all of Canada’s Aboriginal peoples is Parliaments goal (para 37).
- There is no doubt that the Métis are a distinct people (para. 42). No need to delineate between which mixed ancestry communities are Métis and which are non status—they are both “Indians” within s. 91(24) (para. 46) Whether a community is non-status Indian and Métis will be worked out on a case-by-case basis. (para. 47)
- Section 91(24) has a different purpose that s. 35. Section 91(24) is about the federal governments relationship with Canada’s Aboriginal peoples. Section 35 deals with the recognition and affirmation or rights and claims. (para. 49).
- The Court goes out of its way to note that Métis and Non-Status Indian inclusion in s. 91(24) does not mean that all provincial legislation with respect to these groups are ultra vires (i.e., outside of the authority of provincial legislatures). This means that the Alberta Métis Settlements legislation is not problematic or inconsistent with Métis inclusion in s. 91(24).
- The Crown is in a fiduciary relationship with all Aboriginal peoples, including, the Métis and Non-Status Indians. Delgamuukw and MMF already recognize that this fiduciary relationship based on Indigenous pre-existence. As such, granting the second declaration would be redundant. (paras. 43, 53)
There is already a Crown duty to negotiate with Métis and Non-Status Indian communities recognized in law. Haida, Tsilquotin and Powley already recognize a context specific duty to negotiate when Aboriginal rights are engaged. As such, granting the third declaration would be redundant. (para 56)
Does this decision mean Métis Citizens are entitled to the same benefits as Indians?
The Supreme Court of Canada ruling did not make any orders to begin providing benefits such as medical, dental, housing, tax exemptions etc. Such issues would possibly form the basis of future negotiations with government but it is too early to say when such issues would be on the table.
Did the Supreme Court define who the Métis people are?
No, in fact the Court states that it is only speaking of the Métis in s. 35 in general terms. The Court only set out three broad factors (self-identification, ancestral connection and community acceptance) to be used in identifying who can exercise a Métis community’s s. 35 right to hunt. It remains the position of the Métis Nation that the right to determine who are members of the Métis Nation can only be exercised by the people themselves; however, in order to exercise a Métis community’s s. 35 right to hunt, the Métis identification elements of the current legal test set out by the Supreme Court in Powley, must be met.
Is there anything I should know about the decision?
MNBC will be adding more questions and answers as they are received.
What does a “fiduciary duty” mean?
A “fiduciary duty” is a legal obligation of one party to act in the best interest of another. The Daniels decision stated the following in the decision; “The Court is not prepared to make some general statement concerning fiduciary duty. Given the declaration of right in respect of s 91 (24), one would expect the federal government would act in accordance with whatever duty arises in respect of any specific matter touching on the non-clarified fiduciary relationship”.
What does the April 14, 2016 Supreme Court of Canada ruling mean for Métis Citizens in BC?
In a unanimous decision of the Supreme Court of Canada, the highest Court in the land has ruled that Canada has a constitutional and jurisdictional responsibility for Métis under s. 91(24) of the Constitution Act, 1867. This decision in the Daniels case is a huge victory for all Métis people, including our Métis people here in British Columbia because the federal government must now step up to the plate and negotiate in good faith with the Métis Nation. MNBC will also be engaging with the Province of British Columbia on the implications of this decision.
Métis wanted to be included in s. 91(24) because uncertainty about jurisdiction for Métis has been used by Canada to avoid dealing with Métis rights, interests and needs. With the Supreme Court decision, that uncertainty no longer exists.
What other s. 35 rights do the Métis people have?
It is important to remember that the Powley case is only about the Métis right to hunt. However, the Court said that the general purpose of s. 35 for the Métis is to protect the “practices that were historically important features of these distinctive communities and that persist in the present day as integral elements of their Métis culture.” Achieving certainty on other Métis rights protected in s. 35 will come through negotiations between the Métis and governments in Canada and/or litigation.